Unit 3 – World at War: Lasting Legacy
- Unit Question - How are things, events, or people connected to each other? What is the cause? The effect? How do they fit together?
- Historical Context - World War I, World War II, The Cold War
- Final Assessment - The World Wars and Life in Between - Unit Exam
World War I Webquest/Test Prep (also see WWI Resources below):
Historical Context: World War I was supposed to be the war that ended all wars. Instead it set the stage for future conflicts throughout the 20th Century. The people of the time called the conflict the Great War, and they believed that there would never again be another like it. Although the United States tried to remain neutral, it was eventually drawn into the conflict. The war had a profound effect on the nation, and touched upon many aspects of American life. When the war ended, the United States, and the world, was changed forever.
Your Task: Place all of your answers in your COMP notebook for the following questions. Please use the links provided and your textbook to answer the following:
Area 1 : Choosing sides and war plans
Using Britannica: World War I: Beginnings answer and/or define the following:
- Name the Allied Powers (5 major countries) and the Central Powers (4 major countries).
- Name 1 country the successfully remained neutral.
- What were the central and the allies called before the war? Try this: WWI: Alliance System or World War I Alliance (History.com) Video
- Which side did the United States eventually join? Why?
- Which country switched sides just before the war started? Why?
- List and describe the five major causes of World War I.
- What was the spark! that led to the immediate cause of World War I? What is a preventative war?
- Who was General Schlieffen, and what was his plan for World War I? What was his country trying to avoid by implementing this plan?
Area 2 : Weapons of War & Propaganda
- List and describe 4 weapons introduced in World War I. Be sure to explain their effectiveness and how they were used? [NOTE: History Channel: WWI Firsts)
- What is Propaganda? What were four reasons propaganda posters were used?
- What nation produced the most posters throughout WWI?
- Go to sidebar to the right and click on a couple of countries; England, U.S. and Germany. Are they similar? List some symbols, messages, similarities and differences, if any, in the posters.
- What is trench foot? What caused trench foot?
- What were the effects of being attack by mustard gas? What percentage of World War I casualties were poison gas responsible for?
- What was No Man's Land? (Please be sure to describe at least three distinct features)
Area 4: America enters the War
- What was the Lusitania? What is the significance of the Lusitania in the War? How many people died and were there any Americans on board?
- How many Allied and Neutral ships were lost to submarines in 1917? How many total number of Allied and Neutral ships were sunk by submarines between 1914-1918? (Scroll down...it's there!)
- What is the Zimmerman Telegram and who wrote it? Why did Americans feel threatened by this telegram? (Think Monroe Doctrine).
- In the telegram, what did the German government decide to begin on Feb. 1, 1917? What was promised to Mexico in the telegram?
- When does the Untied States declare war on Germany? Who was John J. Pershing?
- What was the Brest-Litovsk Treaty? How did it affect the fighting on the Western Front? (Think Schlieffen Plan)
- How does the U.S. Congress feel about the League of Nations? Why is this League set up for failure?
- In Articles 231 & 232 of the Treaty of Versailles, what is Germany responsible for?
- What happened to most of Wilson's Points in the final draft of the Treaty of Versailles? Why?
- What country lost the most soldiers, and has the most missing, How many American soldiers died and what was the total number of soldiers who died in the war?
- When did the war end? When was the Treaty of Versailles signed? Why are these dates significant?
- Why did this attitude of an unfair peace and US noninvolvement in the League of Nations help set up the foundations for a new world conflict? What was the name of President Wilson’s Speech to Congress on January 8, 1918?
- Through the points mentioned in the above article, how does Wilson address:
- Navigation of the seas
- International trade
- Self-determination What does this mean?
- League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
Read p. 9-24 in your new War, Peace, and All That Jazz mini-book and answer the U.S. enters "The Great War" WWI questions in your COMP books:
- What was the name of the Black Hand terrorist/nationalist that killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austria-Hungarian Empire?
- How did the assassination backfire for the Serbian cause?
- Why did Europeans believe this would be a short war? What were some of the new weapons of killing? How do you think these weapons created the myth of "the war to end all wars"? HINT: Page 13, but also try this: History Channel: WWI Firsts
- What does isolationism mean? Why did the U.S.A. take this early stance? HINT: The answer is not in your book so try this: Isolationism scroll down to World War I
- President Woodrow Wilson once called the war, "a distant event" and in fact, ran and won a second presidential election on the slogan HE KEPT US OUT OF WAR. So, what changed?
- On May, 1 1915, the German Embassy warned? What happened soon after? Did President Wilson really join the war because of the 128 Americans that lost their lives at the German sinking of the Lusitania? HINT: I know this is a tough question so for more information try this: History Channel: America Enters WWI
- Who was Pancho Villa? HINT: For more information try this: History.com: Pancho Villa Raids US
- What was the Zimmerman Telegram? Why do you think Germany took this gamble?
- What side did Italy fight on in the war? HINT: Try this: Italy in WWI
- What was President Woodrow Wilson's goal for Europe and the rest of the world after World War I
- What impact did the war have on the U.S. economy before, during, and after World War I? HINT: The answer is not in your book so try this: US Economy in World War I
World War I Resources / Test Prep:
- BIOGRAPHY: Franz Ferdinand
- CRASH COURSE: Who Started World War I?
- CRASH COURSE: World War I (US History)
- CRASH COURSE: World War I (World History)
- History.com: Lusitania (Video)
- World War I in Color Video
- World War I Alliances Map (larger than below)
- History Channel: WWI Firsts
- QUIA: WWI Quiz
- JeopardyLabs: WWI Jeopardy
- Sparknotes: World War I Study Guide
- WWI Propaganda Posters
- All Posters: WWI Propaganda
- ESRI: WWI Propaganda Posters
World War I: Primary Source Diaries Discovery
Select any of the memoirs or diaries from the bottom of First World War website: Memoirs and Diaries answer the questions below and be able to share what life was really like during the "Great War" in class. NOTE: "A Letter From Paris, 11 Nov 1918 by Charles S. Normington is NOT permitted
- Briefly summarize the memoir or diary.
- How does the author feel about the conditions of war? Give a specific example.
- How does the author feel about his enemy? How do you know?
- How would a memoir or diary from the opposing side of the war be different? Similar?
Woodrow Wilson and his 14 Points
(Ending of WWI)
(Ending of WWI)
- The main objective of Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points was?
- How did his experience growing up in the South impact the 14 Points?
- What is self-determination defined by President Wilson?
- What are some of the other points of Woodrow Wilson?
- How did the 14 Points help end the World War I? HINT: Look right
- Why didn't Wilson get his just peace?
- The treaty that ended World War I is called what?
- Why didn't the U.S.A. join the League of Nations?
All Quiet on the Western Front Movie Questions"THE GREATEST WAR NOVEL OF ALL TIME"
- Why did the students enthusiastically join the Army?
- How were conditions at the Western Front different from their expectations in training camp?
- What was the impact of the shelling on the new recruits?
- Explain the meeting of Paul and the French soldier in the trench after the bombardment.
- At what point in the movie do you see a change in Paul? Meaning, when does that past nationalism that took him to war officially come to an end for Paul?
- What is the opinion of the teacher and old men in the park regarding the war?
- What is the symbolism behind the drawings of the bird? HINT: Wait until the end!
- How does this novel and movie destroy the past myths of war? Explain.
All Quiet On The Western Front Resources:
- All Quiet on the Western Front Movie (free) 1979
- All Quiet On the Western Front (1979) YouTube
- All Quiet On The Western Front (1979)
- Cliff Notes: All Quiet On the Western Front Quiz
- SparkNotes: All Quiet On the Western Front Quiz
- Shmoop: All Quiet On the Western Front Quiz
The Women's Suffrage Movement
"The Noble Experiment"
- President Herbert Hoover
- President Herbert Hoover
- Why does the camel become a symbol of Prohibition party supporters?
- What is the difference between temperance and prohibition?
- Congress does not have the ability or power to prohibit the consumption of anything; poison or alcohol. So how does this Prohibition happen?
- What year is the 18th Amendment (Prohibition) passed as a Federal law?
- Overall, the consumption of alcohol decreased, but why do you suppose that newcomers, like women and young people, decided to try it?
- Prohibition created a whole new economy or market for gangsters. What are bootleggers, rumrunners, and speakeasies?
- What amendment in 1933 finally ended the Prohibition experiment?
- What did we learn from Prohibition?
- What were women protesting or demanding in 1917 with slogans like 20 MILLION AMERICAN WOMEN ARE NOT SELF-GOVERNED?
- Why were the Suffragists often arrested? What does some time in prison do to the movement?
- What is the Susan B. Anthony amendment? Why is it given this nickname?
- What year was the 19th Amendment finally ratified?
- Has Elizabeth Cady Stanton received her proper place in U.S. History? Did you notice how very little is mentioned about her in your mini-book? Try this article before you decide: National Women's History Museum: Elizabeth Cady Stanton
- How could you make the argument that Prohibition created modern American popular culture?
PROHIBITION is a three-part, five-and-a-half-hour documentary film series directed by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick that tells the story of the rise, rule, and fall of the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the entire era it encompassed.
The culmination of nearly a century of activism, Prohibition was intended to improve, even to ennoble, the lives of all Americans, to protect individuals, families, and society at large from the devastating effects of alcohol abuse. Read more: PBS: Ken Burns' Prohibition and watch more: PBS: Ken Burns' Prohibition Videos (all video segments work except the second one titles "Strange Quite")
Ken Burns' PROHIBITION [Episode 1 & 2] Video Discussion Questions:
- How was alcohol a big part of American society?
- According to the video, how often did men and boys drink?
- What changed about alcohol in the 1800s? What were the consequences of this?
- What do you think is meant by "degradation of Saturday night"?
- What is the relationship between Prohibition and World War I?
- Why did women of the early Temperance movement shift their views from moderation to prohibition?
- Explain the role of one of the following women regarding Prohibition: Frances Willard, Carrie "Molly Hatchet" Nation, or Mable Walker Willebrant
- How did immigrants’ alcohol-drinking habits raise Americans’ suspicions about them by the early 20th century?
- What was the importance of the passing of the 16th Amendment on the passing of the 18th Amendment (Prohibition)?
- Why did Southern whites support Prohibition?
- What was the name of the law enacted to enforce Prohibition?
- Explain one example of how Americans broke the Prohibition and the Volstead Act?
- How did Prohibition lead to the rise of organized crime?
- Mr. Streit - Prohibition: 'Blame it on the Women' - Lesson 1
- Mr. Streit - Ken Burns' Prohibition Video Lesson
- PBS: Ken Burns' Prohibition Videos
- Library of Congress: Temperance & Prohibition
- Prohibition Lesson in Cartoons WS
- Sporcle - Prohibition Era Quiz
- CRASH COURSE: Women's Suffrage & Prohibition
- DBQ - Prohibition-Why did America Change Its Mind.pdf (Copyright Restrictions: Printed & handed out in class) (homework)
Quick Discussion Questions:
- What is the message?
- Who is being caricatured as being responsible?
- How accurate is the message?
Organized crime had been in the United States well before the 18th Amendment created the Prohibition Era in the 1920s. By making alcohol illegal, however, Prohibition did create a new and easily exploited market. Thus, making organized crime, well more organized, more wealthy, more powerful, and hard to police. Even after the Prohibition experiment was over, these gangsters still wheeled extraordinary power and wealth. That power often influenced police, government officials, judges, and politicians. Their power, especially the Mafias, was often too much for even the F.B.I. Director, J. Edgar Hoover. It wasn't until the 1960s, and the Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy's relentless crusade against the Mafia, often disagreeing with J. Edgar Hoover, that organized crime would face fierce pushback. During President John F. Kennedy's short tenure, convictions against the Mafia and other organized crime members rose 800 percent. Organized crime still exists today, but it often looks very different and well, less organized. The debate on whether it is more or less powerful still persists, but you must decide on how powerful. If you need help deciding, try Moving Forward: Frequently Asked Questions.
Directions: Decide between the Italian, Irish, Jewish, or African-American gangsters (below) and then select one individual to research. Each of the names below are links to the Biography Channel or Blackpast.org with short biographies and videos or articles from various websites. If you need further information, please check the Organized Crime Resources below and search on your own. Then answer all of the discussion questions below in your COMP books. Each student will be presenting their findings in class, so be prepared.
The Italian Mafia (Sicilian: for The Bold Ones)
- "Papa" Johnny Torio, 1882-1957, Chicago, The Chicago Outfit
- Al Capone, 1899-1947, Chicago, The Chicago Outfit
- Charles "Lucky" Luciano, 1897-1962, New York City, 1st Commissioner of the 5 Families, Luciano Family-later called the Genovese Family
- Sam "Momo" Giancana, 1908-1975, Chicago, The Chicago Outfit
- Carlo Gambino, 1902-1976, New York City, Gambino Family
- John Gotti, 1940-2002, New York City, Gambino Family
- Frank "Prime Minister" Costello, 1891-1973, New York City, Genovese Family
Discussion Questions: Use the Organized Crime Resources below
- What factors in the gangster's life and community led to his rise of power?
- What crimes is your gangster suspected of committing?
- Does your gangster serve any time in prison? For what?
- What role does Prohibition play in the gangster's wealth and power? If a more modern gangster: What role did Prohibition play in the gangsters organized crime's (family, gang, mob, or mafia) future? If Prohibition was over at the height of the gangster, what supplemented their wealth?
- Explain the downfall of your gangster. How did your gangster's life end?
- How did organized crime lead to the failure of Prohibition in the early 1930s?
- Amongst the list of notorious gangsters above, why are so many from New York City and Chicago? NOTE: Try using the links below to help answer this question.
- Why are so many Italians, especially the Sicilians, on this list above? NOTE: Need help? Try this History Channel: Origins of the Mafia
- What is the connection between the Homicides per 100,000 population graph (below) and your gangster?
- Critical Thinking: Should your gangster be remembered as famous or infamous? NOTE: Please think about this before answering: Can Hollywood movies turn gangsters/criminals into celebrities and is that okay?
Organized Crime Resources:
- History Channel: Origins of the Mafia
- History of Organized Crime from Sicily Video
- Jewish Gangsters in America
- History of Irish Gangs
- History Channel: Misbehavin Prohibition to the Rise of Organized Crime (video)
- Gang Rule: New York Mafia 1900-1920
- Michigan University Study: Impact of Organized Crime in the City of Chicago website
- Black Gangs of Harlem, NYC: 1920-1939
- Moving Forward: Frequently Asked Questions
- Mr. Streit -Rise of Organized Crime & Baseball Video Lesson
- How did the Mafia help win World War II? The History Reader: Luciano and WWII Operation Husky-Sicily
- Did the Mob kill President John F. Kennedy? CNN: One JFK Conspiracy That Could Be True VIDEO & ARTICLE or CBS News: Who Killed Kennedy?
Baseball becomes America's Pastime
Baseball becomes America's Pastime
"I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me...
All I ask is that you respect me as a human being."
- Jackie Robinson
Read p. 47-54 in your War, Peace, and All That Jazz mini-book and answer the Baseball becomes America's Pastime (For Some)! questions below in your COMP books:
- Who was the boxer, Jack Johnson? What did it mean in the U.S.A. when he beat Tommy Burns in 1908? HINT: Try this History.com Jack Johnson wins Heavyweight Boxing title
- What is the nickname of George Herman Ruth?
- What was Babe Ruth's childhood like?
- Babe Ruth started his professional career with what team? How was his 1918 season with that team?
- Known as the Curse, the Red Sox sold Babe Ruth to the Yankees for how much? HINT: This Day in History: New York Yankees announce purchase of Babe Ruth
- What impact did the Babe have on the popularity of the game?
- How many homeruns did the Babe hit in 1927? What was the record before Babe Ruth played professional baseball?
- Baseball didn't start as a segregated sport, so what happened?
- It's obvious that hundreds of African Americans could have and should have been allowed to play Major League Baseball. So prior to Jackie Robinson breaking the color barrier in 1945, who was the best Negro League baseball player? Give some stats to back your opinion. NOTE: See Baseball Resources below, but Mr. Streit's vote is Josh Gibson (pictured just left).
- He was the last the player to hit over .400, but how did Ted Williams help the Negro players obtain recognition and acceptance into the MLB Hall of Fame? HINT: Try this "The Splendid Splinter" Enshrined in Cooperstown Speech
- Name at least two African Americans that proved the Aryan myth created by Adolf Hitler was false? How did they do that? HINT: Try this The Nazi Olympics Berlin 1936
BONUS: How did Jack Johnson end up in jail in Chicago and the lawsuit of United States v. John Arthur Johnson against him?
- Negro League Players in the Hall of Fame
- ESPN: Save Room for the Negro League Players
- Baseball Statistical Reference (Negro Leagues)
- Top 25 in the Negro League Video
- Untold Truth: The Negro Leagues Video
- Soul of the Game Movie (Story of Jackie Robinson) 1996
- PBS: Ken Burns Baseball (website)
- Rare Jack Johnson Documentary Video
- PBS Ken Burns The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson PART 1
- PBS Ken Burns The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson PART 2
- PBS: Unforgivable Blackness (US v. Jack Johnson)
- Library of Congress: Jack Johnson vs. James Jeffries
The Great Depression
The Great Depression was the worst collapse in the history of American capitalism. Throughout the 1930s, neither the free market nor the federal government was able to get the country working again. The American people endured a full decade of almost unbelievable economic misery. While a much-feared revolution—of either Communist or fascist persuasion—thankfully never materialized, Americans flirted with a number of radical alternatives to the status quo. Some of those radical alternatives faded into memory, while others were incorporated—in watered-down fashion—into the New Deal, where a few remain with us even today. Read more: Shmoop: Great Depression
Read p.78-91 in your War, Peace, and All That Jazz mini-book and answer The Great Depression Questions in your COMP book:
- What is a stock?
- Stock Boom! Why did so many people buy stocks, most of which they couldn't afford (speculate)?
- How much did the stock prices of Montgomery Ward drop from September to November of 1929?
- How does the depression and 12 million people without a job start to create questions on capitalism and democracy? HINT: p.83 & 90
- How did the depression affect the farmers?
- What caused the Dust Bowl?
- What were "Hoovervilles"?
- What was the "Bonus Army"?
- Give an example that President Herbert Hoover didn't understand the complexities or depth of problems the Great Depression had created?
Depression and Dust:
The Dust Bowl
The Dust Bowl, or the "dirty thirties", was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands from 1930 to 1936 (in some areas until 1940). Severe drought coupled with decades of intensive farming without crop rotation or other techniques to prevent erosion led to this wide-spread disaster. Read more: Encyclopedia of the Earth
What caused the Dust Bowl? What was life like during the Great Depression? Let's find out:
Great Depression and Dust Bowl Resources:
- Mr. Streit - Great Depression & Dust Bowl Video Lesson
- Black Tuesday and Black Thursday - Stock Market Crash Article
- Black Tuesday 1929 Video
- Shmoop: Great Depression
- CRASH COURSE: The Great Depression
- PBS: The Great Depression Video
- EIU: Dust & Forgotten Lives: Dust Bowl (Full Video)
- Ken Burns The Dust Bowl (short video)
- Ken Burns Interview: Lessons from The Dust Bowl
- EIU: Dust & Forgotten Lives: Dust Bowl (Full Video)
- Woody Guthrie "This Land is Your Land" (song)
- Woody Guthrie "Do Re Mi" (song)
- Woody Guthrie "The Great Dust Storm" (song)
- Woody Guthrie "Talking Dustbowl Blues" (song)
- Woody Guthrie "Dust Bowl Refugee" (song)
- Woody Guthrie "I Ain't Got No Home in This World" (song)
- Woody Guthrie "All You Fascists Bound to Lose" (song)
- What role did World War I have on creating the Dust Bowl problem?
- What was the Great Plow Up?
- Who is chiefly responsible for the Dust Bowl disaster? Farmers or Government? Why?
- What was the resolution to the Dust Bowl problem?
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)
Read p. 101-110 in your War, Peace, and All That Jazz mini-book and answer the President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) Questions in your COMP books:
- What disease took away FDR's ability to stand by himself and for awhile put in him in a wheelchair (look left)? How did he try to conquer the disease?
- Very few people knew of FDR's struggles and pains regarding his legs. Why do you think FDR kept this a secret to the American public? Why do you think the press kept his secret? Do you think a secret this large, would have any chance at remaining a secret in today's modern world? HINT: FDR: Living with a Disability
- FDR certainly had timing on his side when running for President. Most Americans blamed the Republicans and President Herbert Hoover for the Depression. How many states voted Democratic in 1932?
- FDR may have conquered polio, but he still had many medical complications. While dealing with these problems, one doctor was quoted, "The only thing you have to fear is fear itself." FDR liked the quote so much he uses it when? HINT: FDR "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."
- FDR's first 100 days of office have become legendary for everything that was accomplished. These plans and achievements became know as FDR's New Deal. What is the New Deal?
- Why was FDR called "a traitor to his class"?
- Prior to Pearl Harbor, FDR considered World War II to be Europe's problem. He refused to help the British, despite countless requests from Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Why do you think that is? UVA: FDR Foreign Affairs
- Critical Thinking: Did the New Deal really work to get the U.S. out of the Great Depression or does the WAR! graph (look right) explain the real reason?
- FDR - The New Deal PPT
- Mr. Streit - FDR & World War II Video Lesson
- The New Deal Webquest.doc Agencies & Acts (classwork / homework)
- 10 New Deal Programs of 1930s (Webquest link)
- History.com: FDRs New Deal (Webquest link)
- AP US History New Deal Programs (Webquest link)
- NIRA: National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933
- Living the New Deal: Resettlement Administration
- SCDAA: Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
World War II (WWII)
The Rise of Evil and Beginning of The Holocaust
Let's analyze the policy of appeasement: DBQ - World War II- The Road to War (Appeasement).doc (class work/homework)
Read p.111-125 in your War, Peace, and All That Jazz mini-books and answer The Rise of Evil and The Holocaust Questions in your COMP books:
- While in prison Adolf Hitler wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle), which proved to be a literal outline for his objectives and plans for the Nazi Party. So why was he in jail? HINT: History.com: Beer Hall Putsch
- On the same date of Franklin D. Roosevelt's first inauguration as president, what was Germany deciding to do? EERIE!
- In 1933, why did most Americans not care about Adolf Hitler or the politics of Germany?
- Why did the German people support Adolf Hitler?
- What is inflation? How much did a Hershey chocolate bar cost in Germany?
- What is meant by, "Militant nationalism was a 20th-century disease"?
- Why did Japanese dictator Hideki Tojo start attacking China? What was the effect on China? WARNING: Images are extremely graphic: Time Magazine: The Nanjing Massacre or Nanking Massacre/The Rape of Nanking or Pintrest: 17 Graphic Images - Rape of Nanking
- Who took power of Spain?
- Who took power of Italy? Why did he send Italian troops to attack the African country of Ethiopia?
- What is communism? Russia didn't finish World War I because of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, which placed communist dictator Vladimir Lenin in charge of the newly created Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (U.S.S.R). Lenin survived countless assassination attempts, which was one of the reasons extreme stress that eventually led three strokes he suffered and his eventual death. After his death and during World War II who was in charge of the U.S.S.R.?
- What is anti-Semitism? What were the reasons for the German anti-Semitism blame and policies against the Jews? Give some examples of Hitler's blame of the Jews?
13. As news of these atrocities leaked back into the U.S., perception slowly changed regarding the U.S. entering World War II. To further explain, what is meant by "He who permits evil, commits evil."?
14. Early in Nazi Germany, Hitler allowed thousands of "undesirables" to flee the country. So why did the U.S. not welcome these new immigrants?
15. What famous scientist escaped Germany? Why did he need to meet with President Roosevelt?
History Channel: The Third Reich (The Rise & Fall)
Discussion Questions: (Pick any 3)
- Name some reasons for the rise of the Nazi party.
- What was the impact of losing World War I and The Treaty of Versailles on the German people?
- Why was the Nazi party often identified with young men of the lower middle class? Is there a similar pattern among racist groups today?
- What was the social climate and significant events that ultimately led to the state sponsored genocide in Nazi Germany?
- Describe the techniques Hitler used to organize a large majority of German people to accept and promote Nazi ideology.
- How did Germans perceive Hitler? Why was he followed so loyally and by so many?
Political and economic instability in Europe led to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in Germany. By the late-1930s Europe was, once again, engulfed in conflict as Germany’s war machine began to overwhelm the entire continent. The following Webquest explores various features of the Second World War, from Germany’s expansion in the mid-1930s to the final days of the conflict. You will examine several interactive activities, videos, articles, and images as you complete this Webquest. Follow the instructions and complete each activity or task as you proceed through the Webquest. See World War II (WWII) Resources below for additional help if needed. Have fun and good luck!
Watch the short video and read articles to answer the following:
- Why did Hitler wish to expand his empire?
- When did Great Britain & France declare war against Germany, and why?
- List the regions of Europe invaded by Nazi Germany from 1936 through 1941.
- After Hitler took control of France, how did he hope to force Great Britain’s surrender?
- What is the main message of Churchill’s "Finest Hour" Battle of Britain Speech?
- Write three key facts about the Battle of Britain:
- What did the London citizens go through? How did they survive the attacks?
#3 - Winston Churchill Response: BBC History: Winston Churchill and WWII or Winston S Churchill: We Shall Fight Them on the Beaches
Use the link above and listen to the first speech on the page by Churchill:
- What is the main message of Churchill’s speech?
- How would you describe Churchill as a speaker?
Watch the short video and read the article to answer the following:
- What was the difference between the cash-and-carry payments and the lend-lease payments?
- What was the main purpose of the Lend-Lease Act?
- How much did the United States lend or give away to ally countries?
- Which nation received the most from the U.S.?
#5 - The Battle of the Atlantic: BBC History: The U-Boat Peril or MarkedByTeachers: Why did the Allies win the Battle of the Atlantic and ABMC: The Battle of the Atlantic Interactive
The Nazis had a devastating underwater strategy to destroy the Allies navies and supplies during the war. Read the article BBC History: The U-Boat Peril to get a better understand hoe dire situation was from Winston Churchill's perspective. You may need to use the other websites to answer the other questions.
- Why did German U-boats attack Allied ships in the Atlantic?
- How many U-boats and how many Allied ships were destroyed during the Battle of the Atlantic?
- What strategies did the Allies use to eventually win the Battle of the Atlantic?
#6 - Battle of Stalingrad: History Channel: Battle of Stalingrad
As the U.S. was joining the war, Germany was attacking Russia and advancing on the capital city of Moscow. Nazi forces met Soviet troops in the pivotal Battle of Stalingrad, a major turning point of the war. Click the link above and watch the video clip about the Battle of Stalingrad.
- When and how does the battle begin?
- What is the state of the Nazi forces by November of 1942?
- When does the battle end? How many casualties were caused by the battle?
#7 - The North Africa Campaign: BBC History Animated: WWII in North Africa or BBC History: North Africa Campaign Map in Video (YouTube) or The Atlantic: North Africa Campaign
With much of Europe in the hands of the Axis Powers, Hitler aimed to expand his empire into Africa. Using the link above follow the major battles in North Africa:
- Who were the main generals for the British and the Germans?
- How would you characterize the fighting from 1940 to 1942?
- What major battle took place in October of 1942? What was the effect of this battle?
- What was the name of the operation as American forces join the fighting in November of 1942?
- When and how does the North Africa campaign end?
- What does the victory in North Africa allow the Allies to do?
#8 - The Italian Campaign: History Channel: The Italian Campaign
Read the article to answer the following questions, for further explanation and details visit: ABMC: Anzio and Rome-Arno Campaigns
- Why do the British and the Americans both agree that the Allies should invade Italy? What did Stalin think?
- Where do Allied forces begin their attack of Italy? Who is leading the Allied troops?
- When do the Allied forces capture Rome? What is the ultimate fate of Mussolini?
#9 - The Tuskegee Airmen: History Channel: Tuskegee Airmen Exclusive
Before the Allied forces were prepared to launch a second front in France, Allied fighter pilots began bombing German targets. An all-black squadron—known as the Tuskegee Airmen—was a part of the bombing campaign against strategic targets in Germany. Click on the link above to learn about the experience of one Tuskegee Airmen.
- What was the specific mission of the Tuskegee Airmen?
- Was the “Tuskegee Experiment” successful? Why or why not?
While American troops found early success fighting in North Africa, Americans were not so successful during the early battles in the Pacific. Read the articles, take a closer look at the pictures, and answer the following:
- Approximately how many soldiers died during the Bataan Death March?
- Why did this battle represent a disastrous start to the war in the Pacific for the U.S.?
- What were the conditions like for the troops as they traveled? List ways the Japanese forces intimidated the Filipino and American soldiers?
#11 - The Doolittle Raid: History Channel: Battle 360-The Doolittle Raid
Though American morale was low after Pearl Harbor and the defeat at Bataan, the tide began to turn in the Pacific after the Doolittle Raid. Click the link above and watch a short video on the Doolittle Raid.
- What was the goal of the Doolittle Raid?
- What had to happen for the Raid to be successful?
- What was the psychological effect of the Doolittle Raid?
- What becomes Japan’s goal after the Doolittle Raid? This leads to what battle?
Read the article and watch the real footage (video) to answer the following:
- When does this battle occur?
- Who are the Japanese generals leading the attack? How many destroyers, carriers, and planes did Japan have?
- Who was the American general during the battle? How many destroyers, carriers, and planes did the U.S. have?
- How did the U.S. ultimately win the Battle of Midway?
- What was the effect of the battle?
- What event on December 7th, 1941, prompted President Roosevelt to make the statement, "A date which will live in infamy" and then ask Congress for a formal declaration of war?
- What does appeasement mean? Why did France and Britain have a policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany? HINT: History.com: Appeasement
- When did France and Britain join the war?
- What does blitzkrieg mean? NOTE: Yes, that is where football gets the term blitz.
- What happened to France shortly after the fall of Poland? HINT: Churchill's Deadly Decision Does this give you an idea of how horribly tense the situation was for the Allies in Europe?
- How devastating was the attack on Pearl Harbor? What else did the Japanese attack on the very same day? HINT: Check out the Chicago Tribune (look right).
- CONSPIRACY TIME! Did President Roosevelt know of the attack on Pearl Harbor before it took place and ignore it to justify a cause to enter the war? HINT: Independent: Foreknowledge FDR had of Pearl Harbor and/or BBC History: Pearl Harbor - A Rude Awakening
- What member of Parliament, before becoming Prime Minister of Britain, knew the danger of Hitler during the Appeasement period? HINT: Remember your DBQ-WWII Road to War (Appeasement)
- Who was the French General that kept the conquered country's army and navy from German occupation? In other words, he kept the fight going for the French!
- Originally, Germany and Russia (U.S.S.R.) agreed to a Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact until Hitler double-crossed Stalin. Before the Nazi invasion across Russian borders, where did the Nazi's attack that proved to Stalin, Hitler was no longer an ally?
- What stopped the Nazis from conquering Russia? How many Russians died? HINT: Foreign Affairs: Napoleon and Hitler
- Many Historians credit the Russians for truly winning the war. Do you agree? HELP? Try this: History.net: Who Really Won WWII?
- Name some of the new Allied technology that helped change the tide of war? HINT: p.140 but also try this: Churchill's Mulberry Harbour
- What is an enigma? What did the British call an "enigma" during the war?
- Where were the Japanese-Americans sent during the war? What does Nisei mean? What Amendment in our Constitution was ignored? How many Nisei served in the U.S. armed forces? HINT: Start reading p.148
- How many Japanese-Americans were convicted of spying for Japan?
- Who is the image of on the LIFE magazine (above)? HINT: Try this NY Times: Naomi P. Fraley, The Real Rosie and Library of Congress: Rosie the Riveter
- Describe 3 interesting facts of American industrialization during World War II? HINT: Try this: PREZI: World War 2 American Industrialization
- Death toll: How many people died as a result of World War II? Americans? Russians? British? German? Japanese? Jews? Total Civilians? HINT: Try this National WWII Museum: Deaths by Country
Read p.158-170 in your War, Peace, and All That Jazz mini-book and answer the Beginning of the End (D-Day) questions in your COMP books:
- What was the name of the enigma of code used by the German navy that the U.S. finally cracked in 1943?
- How many airplanes at Willow Run (in Michigan) were produced in the first year of production? What is meant by, "many historians say the Second World War was won in America's factories and laboratories"? Do you agree?
- The Russians defeated the Germans at the Battle of __________, then marched on the offensive through Germany and into Berlin. HINT: Remember WWII Webquest (The Battles)
- Where did Allied troops first invade Europe? What was the military code name for this invasion? What was the result? HINT: Remember WWII Webquest (The Battles)
- What was the code name for the invasion which led to the the liberation of France?
- The End of the Road: How did the wartime journalist Ernie Pyle die?
- Setting the Stage for D-Day. What was Operation Fortitude? Did it work? HINT: Look left and try this Princeton: Operation Fortitude
- After Operation Fortitude, what was the next steps of the D-Day invasion? Where was General Erwin Rommel during the invasion?
- What were the code names of the French beaches the Allies landed on? Describe the conflict that ensued during the D-Day invasion.
- What was the Yalta Conference? Office of the Historian: Yalta Conference
- Remember, Woodrow Wilson's 14 points and his concept of the League of Nations at the end of World War I? Of course you do, well it finally happens and is called the United Nations. Who donated $8.5 million to buy land in New York City as the permanent home for the United Nations?
- What was V-E Day, on May 8, 1945? HINT: Try this History.com: V-E Day
- What were the Nuremberg Trials? HINT: Try this History.com: Nurember Trials
War in the Pacific (The Fight Against Japan)
Read p. 143-147, 153-157, & 184-187 in your War, Peace, and All That Jazz mini-book and answer the War in the Pacific (The Fight Against Japan) questions in your COMP books:
- What is a two-front war? From the American perspective is it accurate?
- After Pearl Harbor, Japan conquered what countries within a few months?
- Name three key victories for U.S. against the Japanese in the Pacific theater.
- Who was the general, later president, in charge of the U.S. armed forces? HINT: Start reading p.153
- What obscure island turned out to be the key turning point for the U.S. armed forces in the Pacific theater?
Describe the island and the 6 month battle that took place there.
- What was the nickname for the B-29 airplanes? HINT: Start reading p.184
- Who was the U.S. president at the end of World War II (look left)? BONUS: FDR's former Vice President was a liberal and socialist named Henry Wallace. How might things have been different after the war if he became President after the death of FDR? Would President Henry Wallace have decided to use the Atomic Bomb? A lot of "What Ifs", I know, but certainly interesting. For more, read this: Truth-Out: Henry Wallace, America's Forgotten Visionary
- Why was Hiroshima of Japan selected as the first target of the atomic bomb?
- How many Japanese died from the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan? Was the second bomb necessary? HINT: Try this US History: The Decision to Drop the Bomb
World War II (WWII) Resources:
- CRASH COURSE: World War II (World History)
- CRASH COURSE: World War II (U.S. History) Part 1
- CRASH COURSE: World War II (U.S. History) Part 2
- Mr. Streit – Nazis Take Over to Pearl Harbor /
US Enter World War II Video Lesson
- Mr. Streit – WWII: Pearl Harbor - USA View to D-Day Video Lesson
- Mr. Streit – WWII: D-Day to VE Day Video Lesson
- World War II - Europe and North Africa 1939-1945 Map Video
- History of World War Two in Asia 1941 - 1945 Map Video
- History Channel: WWII From Space Video
- BBC: World War II website
- PBS: Ken Burns The War website
- American Rhetoric: Franklin Delano Roosevelt Pearl Harbor Address Video & Written
- History Channel: Japanese Internment in America Video
- NatGeo: Pearl Harbor-The Legacy of Attack w/ Tom Brokaw (Full Documentary)
- Conflict History website
- Shootout! Bataan Death March (Battle) Video
- Bataan Death March Documentary Video
- Bataan Death March Video (Survival)
- Kamikaze: Suicide Bomber Pilots, Footage from WW2, 1945
- TIME: The World at War and FDR's Key Decisions
- FDR: Address to Congress on the Yalta Conference, March 1, 1945
- Mr. Streit – WWII: D-Day - End of WWII in the Pacific Video Lesson
- Science: Road to Atomic Bomb website
- The War Department: The Atom Strikes! (1948) Devastation Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki
- Now I Know: Nuclear Shadows
- Nuclear Darkness website
- Denver Post: 55 Stunning Photos from Japan (A-Bomb)
- Emperor Hirohito, Accepting the Potsdam Declaration, Radio Broadcast
- Nuremberg Trials (History Channel documentary)
- BBC: Nuremberg Trials on Hermann Goering (Documentary)
- Super Teacher: WWII Jeopardy
- Super Teacher: WWII Jeopardy 2
- Jeopardy Labs: WWII Jeopardy
- Quia: World War II Practice Test
- Quizlet: World War II Test Review
- How did the KKK become so popular in the 20th Century?
- Who was Stetson Kennedy? What book did he author on this subject?
- Why did he decide on the radio to tell his story?
- How did Superman defeat the KKK?
Abba Kovner with members of the Fareynikte Partizaner Organizatsye (United Partisan Organization)
- Who were the Nazi (Jewish) Avengers?
- Tell us the story of one of the Avengers. HINT: See List of Jewish Resistance Fighters (below)
- Was the hunting down of Nazis legal for the Avengers?
- Tell us what movie(s) and/or book(s) that are based on the Avengers and their stories.