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Unit 2 - Intro of Modernity / America: Emerging Power

  • Unit Question - What are the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy?
  • Historical Context - Progressive Era, Imperialism, Spanish-American War, Blues & Jazz, Harlem Renaissance 
  • Final Assessment - Presidential Draft/Report Card
Welcome to the Presidential Draft/Report Card

Download and complete the report cards & unit questions with rubrics:  

Background:  Collectively, we want everything in a president: a strong leader, a consensus builder, a good manager, a policy expert, a great communicator, an ethical model, a visionary, and a supreme negotiator. Some judge presidents not by their behavior—how they act—but by their values—what they believe. The problem here is that this opens up a can of worms: What values do we evaluate the presidents by? Our personal liberty, equality, justice, community, economy, and/or quality of life? And how should we rank order such values? And how evenly do we to define these values? There’s a vast confusion here. Can an American president be great without a huge crisis, such as war or depression, which he can exploit politically? Even if a president's’ personal qualities, such as courage or character, were stable and similar from one administration to another, do not ever-changing situations or circumstances make it most difficult to compare the leadership of presidents?  These are all tough questions which we attempt to quantify into categories named Roles of Responsibility.

Unit Assessment Project (The Details):  You will draft one of the Presidents, research their term(s) of office and grade them using historical evidence as examples to support your grading/arguments in each category of the Roles of Responsibility.    The draft order will be selected by random.  Leading up to the draft you will need to have a general idea of 2-5 presidents you're interested in discovering. There will be two draft days, the first being the Lottery pick draft (Top 10 - 5 per class), which will not be duplicated or drafted by another student. The second day of the draft students will draft the remaining presidents before duplicates are allowed (excluding President William Henry Harrison).  Once the drafts are complete you will then begin your research, remember to cite your sources using MLA format.  Once you have completed your report card, you will be required to answer the two unit questions using examples from your report card:

  1. What are the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy? 
  2. Why is important to vote?

Due Dates: 

  1. Start thinking about 2-5 Presidents now!
  2. Lottery Pick Draft of the Presidents will take place Tuesday/Wednesday of December 10th/11th [Block Schedule] 
  3. Regular Draft of the Presidents will take place Thursday/Friday of December 12th/13th [Block Schedule] 
  4. Final day to make any trades of the Presidents is Wednesday/Thursday of December 18th/19th [Block Schedule]
  5. Presidential Report Cards w/ Unit Questions (Unit Assessment) are due Wednesday/Thursday of January 15th/16th [Block Schedule] NOTE:  Please remember printing is your responsibility!  
Need help with your draft including
draft order and statistics?  
Check out each tab at the bottom of the document.
[UPDATED:  1/22/20]

The Progressive Era 
Teedie (TR) 

Read p. 130-133 & 139-151 in your new Age of Extremes mini-book and answer The Progressive Era & Teedie (TR) questions in your COMP books:

  1. What made Ida Tarbell a prominent muckraker?  
  2. What made or allowed for S.S. McClure's newspapers and writers to become so successful and progressive?
  3. What problems did Lincoln Steffens highlight?  What did he mean by "advocacy journalism"?
  4. What new or progressive technology came out of this time known as the Progressive Age?
  5. How progressive was this time for the normal farmers and regular people in the urban cities?  Explain.  
  6. During the later part of the Gilded Age and start of the Progressive Era most Americans became part of a growing middle class.  What defines a middle class?  [NOTE:  Not a simple answer, but try to define anyways]
  7. What made the Populist Party so popular?  What did they want?  What did they ignore?
  8. Why is Theodore Roosevelt considered the first Progressive President?
  9. Explain the life "Teedie" grew up in.
  10. What happened to Theodore Roosevelt on February 14th, 1884?
  11. In your opinion, when does the image on p.148 (also left) become real regarding Mr. Roosevelt?
  12. What muckrakers influenced Theodore Roosevelt?

       Imperialism & The Spanish-American War

Read p.152-157 in your Age of Extremes mini-book and answer the Imperialism & Spanish-American War questions in your COMP books:  

  1. What were the last colonies of Spain?  Why did Spain cling onto them so tightly?
  2. What is "Yellow Journalism"?
  3. What was the impact of the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine (picture right)?  Who was really responsible? Did it matter?
  4. Who were the Rough Riders?  Why do you think Theodore Roosevelt quit his job with the Navy to lead this group Rough Riders?
  5. Why was the Spanish American War so popular with Americans?
  6. What is imperialism?  What were the arguments for Imperialism of Albert Beveridge and against imperialism of Carl Schurz?  [HINT: p.157]


U.S.S. Maine sinking along the coast of Cuba

The Spanish-American War: 

History Channel Movie Guide 

Spanish-American War Video Links

Watch the movie, answer the following questions from the "good cop" or "bad cop" persona (example below) discussed in class:  

  1. What were the motives behind America’s interventions into Cuba and the Philippines?
  2. Why were the Philippines first?
  3. Where the motives of the U.S. government behind the invasion of Cuba, Philippines and Puerto Rico justified?  In other words, what would be the future of these island without U.S. interventionism?  
  4. How has the foreign policy created and executed during McKinley, Roosevelt, and Taft influenced future US foreign policy? 
  5. Is Imperialism a necessary part of the Progressive Movement? Is Imperialism necessary for the U.S. to achieve it's "place in the sun"?  

                   Good Cop   /   Bad Cop examples:
Pro-Imperialism                           Anti-Imperialism
Theodore Roosevelt                            William McKinley (originally) 
Albert Beveridge                                  Carl Schurz  
Metropolitan Club                               Anti-Imperialism League
General George Dewey                       Mark Twain

Spanish-American War Resources: 

Two Presidents:  Taft & Wilson 

Read p.185-192 in your Age of Extremes mini-book and answer the Two Presidents: Taft & Wilson questions in your COMP books: 
  1. President William H. Taft didn't really want to be president, his real dream, which later will be realized, was to be?
  2. What example does your book give you that Taft was a bit less imperialistic then President Theodore Roosevelt?
  3. Was Taft a Progressive President?  Before you answer consider that Taft did more trustbusting (breaking apart of monopolies) than T. Roosevelt, but turned over power to more conservative leaders called the "Old Guard."  Need help deciding?  HINT:  US News: Teddy Roosevelt, on the Bull Moose Party Ticket, Battles Incumbent William Howard Taft
  4. What does J.P. Morgan mean by, "I hope the first lion he meets does his duty."?
  5. What was the nickname for Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive Party?
  6. What is the meaning behind the image on page 187 and the Pure Food and Drug Laws image just to the left?  
  7. Explain President Woodrow Wilson path to the presidency:
  8. Was President Wilson a Progressive President?  Why or Why not?
  9. Was President Wilson an Imperialist?  Why or Why not?  

All that Jazz (and the Blues too)  

The Roots of Jazz:  Though jazz and classic blues are really early twentieth-century black music innovations, certain characteristics found in jazz do have their roots in much earlier musical traditions. Call and response, improvisation, the appropriation and reinvention of elements from Western art music: black music in the twentieth-century has never held a monopoly on these musical practices. For instance, the era American historians call "antebellum" (roughly 1815-1861) holds much of interest to researchers looking for the deep roots of jazz.  Read the rest of the article herePBS: Jazz by Ken Burns (Jim Crow Article)

Ken Burns' presents Jazz (Episode 1) Questions:

  1. What does creole mean?
  2. What is the connection between minstrels, Jim Crow, and the birth of Jass?  NOTE:  Yes, Jass was the name for the musical genre that will eventually evolve into Jazz, but no one is quite sure how. 
  3. Most will agree that Jazz is born in what American city? 
  4. Provide an example that Jazz didn't escape racism. 

Ken Burns' presents Jazz (Episode 2) Questions:
  1. What are the instruments you hear in Jazz bands during this time? 
  2. How did Jazz bands travel at this time?
  3. Were the Jazz bands themselves integrated?
  4. Did the Jazz bands play to integrated audiences?
  5. Who was the first African American to face combat in World War I?  Who were the Harlem Hell-fighters?
  6. What were some of the important cities in the Jazz world?
  7. What role did Prohibition play on the popularity of Jazz?

Making Connections Questions: 

  1. What is the meaning behind Billie Holidays'  Strange Fruit?
  2. What is the impact of Chicago and Chess records on the Blues and the transformation of this music into Rock n' Roll? HINT:  Try this Chess Records: A History of Rock n' Roll and Blues Heaven: Chess Records
  3. In your opinion, how does Jazz and the Blues help erode the stain of slavery, racism, and the Jim Crow Era? NOTE: I know this question may take awhile to ponder, but  “One good thing about music, when it hits you, you feel no pain." - Bob Marley

Jazz, the Blues, and Rock n' Roll too (Just a Suggestion)

 The Harlem Renaissance
After the Civil War, liberated African-Americans searched for a safe place to explore their new identities as free men and women and started their "Great Migration" north. They found that identity in cities like Detroit, Chicago and New York City, but the center or "the capital of black America" was in the New York City neighborhood of Harlem.  Harlem became home to some of the best and brightest minds of the 20th century, gave birth to a cultural revolution, and will be remembered as the Harlem Renaissance.