Unit 2 - Early Colonial America
- Unit Question - Are contemporary socio/political beliefs a direct reflection of those held by our earliest colonial forefathers?
- Historical Context – The Quakers, Puritans, Separatists, New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, South Colonies, Triangular Trade (slavery)
- Final Assessment - 13 Colonies Geography Quiz & Colonial History Test
Colonial History Study Guide:
- Mercantilism / Economic Factors / Cash Crops
- Reasons/Factors of European Colonization
- "Lost Colony" of Roanoke
- Religious Groups: Quakers, Pilgrims, Puritans
- Founders of the Colonies
- Founding Documents
- Olaudah Equiano
- Triangular Trade / Transatlantic Slave Trade
- King Philip's War / Pequot War
- Bacon's Rebellion
- Daniel Boone
- Ben Franklin
- Young George Washington
- French & Indian War
Protestants, Puritans, Separatists & Pilgrims O' My!
1) What was the last straw or main reason the Pilgrims left in England to start a new life in the New World?
2) Where did they plan to settle in the New World? Where did they land?
3) What were non-Pilgrims on the Mayflower called?
4) Would the people have survived without Squanto?
5) What was the Mayflower Compact?
6) What is the difference between Pilgrims and Puritans?
Protestants, Puritans, Separatists, & Pilgrims Resources:
Glorious Revolution in EnglandDiscussion Question:
- How does this Glorious Revolution affect the American Colonists and influence the later the American Revolution?
Glorious Revolution Resources:
Religious Tolerance or Intolerance
- Why were the Puritans so intolerant of religious views other than their own?
- Did Roger Williams leave the Massachusetts colony on his own terms or was he forced to leave?
- What did Roger Williams believe that upset Governor John Winthrop?
- Where did Roger Williams go and who helped him survive?
- If Roger Williams upset Governor Winthrop, that was nothing compared to Anne Hutchinson. What did the mother of 14 children, Anne Hutchinson, begin to question that eventually caused her to be banished from the colony of Massachusetts?
- What makes the Quakers different than the Puritans?
- Why did Mary Dyer come back to Massachusetts after escaping with her life to Rhode Island?
The Salem Witch Trials
The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of 1692, after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women of witchcraft. As a wave of hysteria spread throughout colonial Massachusetts, a special court convened in Salem to hear the cases; the first convicted witch, Bridget Bishop, was hanged that June.
Mystic River Massacre of
Pequot Native Americans
Read p. 85-87 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer The Pequot War & King Philip's War questions in your COMP books:
- Why did the Pequots of Narragansett Bay become so angry at the colonists and resort to violence?
- What happened to Pequots who survived The Pequot War?
- King Philip's War is the bloodiest war during the 17th Century (1600s) in colonial or early U.S history, so what started the conflict?
- What is the real name of King Philip?
- What was the end result of King Philip's War? HINT: The peaceful Narraganset on p.86
The Pequot War & King Philip's War Resources:
New England Colonies
Need Help? Try this:
Read p.92-95 & p. 81-84 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the New England Colonies questions in your COMP books:
- What is the time period of colonial times?
- What colonies make up the New England colonies?
- How was the colony of Connecticut settled? Was it legal? How large was the original Connecticut colony?
- What document organized Connecticut as a democratic "state"?
- How was the colony of New Hampshire settled?
- What was the original name of New York City? NOTE: I know New York is considered a Middle Colony
Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic)
Need Help? Try this: Mr. Zoller's Podcast: Middle Colonies *
Read p. 96-101 & 105-108 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Middle Colonies (Mid-Atlantic) questions in your COMP books:
- What was the price of Manhattan Island (part of New York City) for the Dutch West India Company? [HINT: CRAZY good deal!]
- What was the main economic interest of the Dutch in the New World?
- What colonies make up the Middle Colonies?
- What did the Native Americans call Johan Printz? NOTE: Not that important, but hilarious!
- Why did the Dutch (the Netherlands) give up their colony of New Netherlands and more importantly their trading town of New Amsterdam (later known as New York City)? Extend your thinking was this a good or bad decision for the Netherlands?
- Who is New York named after it becomes an English Colony?
- How is New Jersey founded as a colony?
- Why is William Penn given the colony later known as Pennsylvania despite being a Quaker?
- What are some of the beliefs of Quakers?
Why some much attention to William Penn you might ask? The real reason is simple; he was a very tolerant person in a very intolerant world and that is simply awesome!
Let's learn more about William Penn and his idea of leadership and government:
William Penn- Understanding WS.docx (classwork)
Need Help? Try this: Mr. Zoller's Podcast: Southern Colonies *
Read p.114-124 & p.133-136 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Southern Colonies questions in your COMP books:
- Who was responsible for the Maryland Colony? Why did the Irish like him so much?
- Freedom of religion in Maryland really meant freedom for whom? What was the penalty for cursing God? What was the Toleration Act of 1649?
- Why do some many rich and famous (many Founding Fathers) come from Virginia? NOTE: This is not a simple question and therefore does not have a simple answer, but try!
- What makes Virginia an excellent example of mercantilism? HINT: p.119 - "mother country"
- What is a yeoman? Who replaced the yeoman?
- What is the paradox of Colonial Virginia?
7. What is Virginia's House of Burgesses? Try this: wiseGEEK: House of Burgesses
Why do people of this era where those powdered wigs? HINT: p.122
8. Who founded the Carolinas?
9. What colony was the wealthiest of all the English colonies in the 17th (1600s) Century?10. Why were the French welcomed in the Carolinas?11. What is Gullah?12. What caused the split of the Carolinas? (North & South Carolina)
Slavery & The Triangular Trade
2) What made the Southern Colonies so different from the Middle and Northern Colonies, thus creating want or need for cheap labor and slavery?
3) Why wouldn't the British allow the colonies to manufacture goods? HINT: Mercantilism
4) Growth of Slavery - Pick 1:
NOTE: I know these are tough questions, but try.
- Would slavery have become an important part of the Southern colonies if England would have allowed for the colonies to manufacture their own goods?
- Would slavery have looked similar in the Northern and Middle colonies if the land was as good as it was in the Southern colonies?
Slavery and the Triangular Trade Resources:
- CRASH COURSE: Atlantic Slave Trade
- CRASH COURSE: Slavery
- Growth of Slavery-Triangular Trade WS.doc (homework)
- Middle Passage Lesson w Olaudah Equiano WS.docx (classwork)
- Slave Resistance Class Activity A-C.docx (classwork)
- Middle Passage from Amistad (Video)
- Recovered History: Middle Passage (Article & Quiz)
- Ducksters: Colonial America - Slavery *
BONUS: What strange and peculiar picture (above). What do you notice?
- Why was the trial and case Peter Zenger so controversial in 1735?
- Why was Peter Zenger put in jail for 10 months?
- What connection does Trial of Peter Zenger have on the American Revolution?
- What is the lasting impact of this famous court case?
Read p. 109-113 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Real Benjamin Franklin questions in your COMP books:
- What does it mean to be an apprentice? What was Benjamin Franklin's apprenticeship?
- Why did Benjamin Franklin move to Philadelphia? How did he describe the city?
- What made Benjamin Franklin rich?
- Name three inventions of Benjamin Franklin.
- Why did English fear and refer to him as "a dangerous engine"?
- Give us an example of Benjamin Franklin's sense of humor? NOTE: If you are looking for better examples, check this website out: PBS: Franklin's Wit and Wisdom
- Why did the French like him? What impact does this have later on the American Revolution?
Westward Ho! - You Go! - Well Not So Fast!
Read p. 152-159 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer the Westward Ho-You Go-Well Not So Fast! questions in your COMP books:
- What natural border kept the original 13 colonies from moving west?
- Why do some colonists ignore British law and cross this natural border anyways?
- Why didn't the British want the colonists to move west of the Appalachian Mountains? NOTE: Yes - that is the answer to #1
- Who was Daniel Boone?
- What conflict does moving west create for the colonist and the British?
The French and Indian War
(7 Years War)
(7 Years War)
Read p. 21-32 in your new From Colonies to Country mini-book and answer The French and Indian War questions in your COMP book:
- Who did the American Indians side with?
- What was the war about? BE SPECIFIC
- The French of New France (Canada) might have had better relationships with the American Indians, but what did they not accept in their colonial territories?
- Why did the Iroquois (remember them from The Great Law of Peace) side with the English and colonists?
- Who was the 21 year old sent to kick the French out of Fort Duquesne? How did that go? How did his recovery plan of Fort Necessity work out?
- What did George Washington notice of the British and Colonists outfits and way of fighting compared to the French and their American Indian allies?
- How lucky was George Washington to survive the French and Indian War? Explain.
- What was the impact of Warraghiyagey on the French and Indian War? What was his real name? How was he rewarded for his military success?
- Why was the Battle of Lake George told all over Europe and America?
- Where and how did the French and Indian War end?
JOIN or DIE / Prelude to Revolution
Class Discussion: What do you think Benjamin Franklin is saying in the political cartoon created in 1754? This won't be the last time you see this image (look left), but also this image will be reproduced throughout the entire American Revolution. Why do you think that is? Try this: Join or Die by Ben Franklin
- CRASH COURSE: Tea, Taxes, and The American Revolution (World History)
- CRASH COURSE: Taxes & Smuggling - Prelude to Revolution
- War of Jenkins' Ear, Smuggling, Crusoe, and Slavery (Video)