Unit 1 - Worlds Meet: Conflict, Challenges and Change
- Unit Question - When is conflict excused as means to an end?
- Historical Context - Renaissance, Reformation, Early Explorers, Age of Exploration, Old World meets the New Word
- Final Assessment – Columbus vs. Taino People Debate
In the Beginning - The First Americans
Who were the first Americans? Some examples of the first Americans in what is now the U.S.A can be found here: Native Americans PPT Slideshow How did they get here? Try this video for further explanation: NatGeo - Native Americans Video or CRASH COURSE: First Americans. Some of these first Americans continued their journey and settled in what is now Mexico or South America. They are the Mayan, Aztecs, and Incan civilizations and you can learn more about them here: Mayan Aztec Inca PPT Slideshow
The Age of Exploration
THINKING MAN'S TIME (This means you!):
- What was the Age of Exploration?
- What events in the past needed to take place before the Age of Exploration was made possible? The answer is many indeed, right?
- Was the Age of Exploration destined to happen?
MORE THINKING MY MAN (and WOMAN)
- When is conflict excused as means to an end? Meaning how do we understand and justify the exploitation of the Native Americans by the conquistadors, desperadoes, and explorers?
- Discuss the impact of the Renaissance and Reformation on the Age of Exploration – Meaning without these series of events do Europeans travel to the New World? If yes, when and how would that have happened? Explain.
- During the Age of Exploration, European adventures explored the Americas. Some historians say that these men were motivated by God, gold, and glory. What do you think historians meant by this?
- What is the Columbian Exchange?
Age of Exploration Resources:
We will start with the importance of the Protestant Reformation:
- Reformation - Luther's 95 Theses.doc (classwork or used for discussion)
- CRASH COURSE: The Renaissance
- Early Explorers - Spanish Conquistadors Worksheet.xls (homework)
- The Conquistadors PPT Slideshow
- CRASH COURSE: Age of Exploration
- Enchanted Learning: Explorers from 1501-1550: the Early Sixteenth Century
- PHSchool: Early Voyages of Exploration 1492-1609
Da Vinci's Thinking Man
Nobody Expects the Spanish Inquisition
Have you ever heard someone say "Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition"? The line comes from a series of sketches by British comedy troupe Monty Python. In the sketches, one character gets annoyed at another character for asking him question after question. At the height of his frustration, he yells, "Well, I wasn't expecting the Spanish Inquisition!" Suddenly, three Catholic Cardinals burst into the room to comically "torture" the first two characters into admitting their sinful ways.
From the sketches, you can guess that the Spanish Inquisition must've involved torture and the Catholic Church. But why? Who was on the receiving end of that torture? Read more: HowStuffWorks: How the Spanish Inquisition Worked
For many in Europe and the world for that matter, it was a huge surprise that Spain was to lead the path to the New World. Remember, they were just recently conquered by the Moors prior to the expeditions of Columbus, Pizarro, and Cortes.
Spanish Inquisition Resources:
- Nobody Expects the Spanish Inquisition Article WS.doc (classwork)
- The Spanish Inquisition VIDEO
- EdPuzzle: Spanish Inquisition Video Lesson
- TedEd: The Spanish Inquisition Video Lesson
- Monty Python's No One Expects the Spanish Inquisition (I love the Monty Pythons!)
- Mel Brooks - The Spanish Inquisition (Just for fun!)
Our Mixed-Up Civilization
After reading pages 9-14 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book answer the Our Mixed-Up Civilization questions in your COMP books:
- Where is the area known as the Fertile Crescent? Why is called the Fertile Crescent?
- The Ancient Fertile Crescent is home to what early civilizations? What major religions came from the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamian Civilizations?
- What accomplishments of the Ancient Greeks and Romans did
the people of Europe want to give "rebirth" to during the time period known as the Renaissance?
- Why did Spain have to find new routes to Asia? [Hint: Who are the Moors?]
- How did the crusades of Islam and Christianity bring people to the New World?
- Columbus and the rest of Europe called them "Indians" and "savages", if that were true how can we explain that America's first constitution and democratic society was written by them? Further understanding: The Iroquois had a Constitution which began:
For Better or Worse!
The Columbian Exchange & Columbus vs. Taino People
The Columbian Exchange & Columbus vs. Taino People
Famed Italian explorer Christopher Columbus is commonly credited with the discovery of the "New World" of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain in 1492. Little could be done to stop the European explorations, expeditions, and colonialism that follows Columbus journey. Let's analyze why that is and what impact it had on the world!
The Columbian Exchange Resources:
Columbus vs. Taino Documents & Resources:
- Should We Celebrate Columbus Day.doc (classwork / homework)
- Columbus vs Taino People - HSA On Trial.doc (Unit Assessment)
- Class Debate Rubric-Columbus vs Taino.xlsx (Group Grade)
- Library of Congress: Exploring the Early Americas Columbus and the Taíno
- EdPuzzle: Columbus and the Taino Video Lesson
- Core Knowledge: Columbus and the Tainos
- History: Columbus Controversy
- Native American Netroots: Columbus and the Taino
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Isabella I of Spain
- Smithsonian: What Became of the Taino
- Treehugger: Get Ready to Celebrate 'Indigenous People's Day' w/ TedEd: History vs. Columbus
Columbus vs. Taino Trial Results:
7A: Christopher Columbus has been found guilty of assault and battery, second-degree murder, & theft. The punishment of Christopher Columbus is the same as it was for Taino, which is death by the cutting off his hands to be bled to death.
7B: Christopher Columbus has been found guilty of assault, second-degree murder, & fourth-degree murder for which he has been sentenced to life in slavery. Christopher Columbus has been found innocent of robbery. The jury beliefs that Christopher Columbus is personally innocent of sexual assault, but responsible for sexual assault committed by his crew.
Notice to the Jury (9 members):
- What are the charges against Christopher Columbus?
- Remember you are "presumed innocent until proven guilty" - U.S. Constitution and The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Innocent or guilty? Discuss each charge individually and remember majority rule!
- What is the penalty?
List of Possible Charges:
1) Theft: Petty vs. Grand
Theft can be categorized as grand theft—and therefore deemed a more serious offense —for a variety of reasons. (Depending on the jurisdiction, the crime might be called "first degree" theft.) Laws in many states consider a theft to be grand theft when:
- The property taken is worth more than a minimum amount, perhaps $500-$1,000 or more.
- Property is taken directly from a person, but by means other than force or fear. (If force or fear were used, the crime would be robbery.) An example would be picking the pocket of an unsuspecting victim.
- Particular types of property are taken. For example, the theft of land, cars and some types of animals is often grand theft regardless of their actual market value.
2) Assault and Battery?
Historically, battery and assault were considered separate crimes, with battery requiring that the aggressor physically strike or offensively touch the victim. In that way, a battery was a "completed" assault. Many modern statutes don't bother to distinguish between the two crimes, as evidenced by the fact that the phrase "assault and battery" has become as common as "salt and pepper." These days, statutes often refer to crimes of actual physical violence as assaults.
3) Murder (Degrees of Murder):
Across the Ocean - Pirates or Privateers: What's the Difference?
Read p. 18-20 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and then answer the Across the Ocean - Pirates or Privateers: What's the Difference? questions in your COMP books:
1) If the Spanish were dominating the New World, why does England get involved?
2) Who was the first Englishmen to explore the New World?
3) What is the difference between a pirate and a privateer?
4) What evidence is there that little to nothing was known about the New World?
Hey you, Jack Sparrow! Pirate Resources:
- Ten Facts about Pirates, 10 Famous Pirates
- Daily Motion: HC True Caribbean Pirates (Full Documentary)
Which is the real pirate?
What happened to the Roanoke (Lost) Colony?
Roanoke (Lost) Colony Resources:
- Roanoke Colony deserted
- Sometimes Interesting: Roanoke: The Lost Colony
- History Collection: 8 Theories of Roanoke
- Searching for History: Missing Colony of Roanoke Island (Documentary)
- Lemino: Lost Colony of Roanoke (Video)
- Ranker.com: 17 Utterly Fascinating Theories Behind The Vanishing Roanoke Colony
- Ducksters: Colonial America - Lost Colony of Roanoke Article & Audio Recording Reading *
- 5 Popular Theories *
Discover the Real Story of
Pocahontas and John Smith
Pocahontas and John Smith
- What do you know about Pocahontas?
- Did Pocahontas save John Smith's life?
Read Document A: "True Relation" and Document B: "General History" and answer the following:1. Why would John Smith add on to his earlier story?
2. Why might John Smith lie or exaggerate and invent new information?
3. Why wouldn't John Smith lie about this story?
Read Paul Lewis, Historian Interpretation A and J.A. Leo Lemay, Historian, Interpretation B and answer the following:
4. Which historian interpretation did you find more convincing? Why
5. Did it really happen? Did Pocahontas save John Smith's life?
Who's ready for colonial success, well wait!
The Story of the Jamestown Colony
The Story of the Jamestown Colony
Read p. 25-36 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer Who's ready for colonial success, well wait! The Story of the Jamestown Colony questions in your COMP books:
1) Why did the English settle in Jamestown?
2) Why didn't the English fish during the "starving time"?
3) Did Pocahontas save John Smith's life or did John Smith exaggerate or invent the story? See Discover The Real Story of Pocahontas and John Smith above
4) What is a hostage?
5) What was Pocahontas trip to England like?
6) What ended the peace of the English in Jamestown and the Powhatan tribe?
- Timeline of Events Related to Pocahontas and John Smith
- Indian Country Today: The True Story of Pocahontas: Historical Myths Versus Sad Reality
- History of Jamestown
- Jamestown Economy video
- CRASH COURSE: Colonizing America
- Khan Academy: Jamestown - John Smith & Pocahontas Video Lesson
- History Channel: Settlement in Jamestown VIDEO
- Ducksters: Colonial America - Jamestown Settlement w/ Audio Recording Reading *