Unit 1 - Worlds Meet: Conflict, Challenges and Change
- Unit Question - When is conflict excused as means to an end?
- Historical Context - Renaissance, Reformation, Early Explorers, Age of Exploration, Old World meets the New Word
- Final Assessment – Columbus vs. Taino People Debate
In the Beginning - The First Americans
Who were the first Americans? Some examples of the first Americans in what is now the U.S.A can be found here: Native Americans PPT Slideshow How did they get here? Try this video for further explanation: NatGeo - Native Americans Video or CRASH COURSE: First Americans. Some of these first Americans continued their journey and settled in what is now Mexico or South America. They are the Mayan, Aztecs, and Incan civilizations and you can learn more about them here: Mayan Aztec Inca PPT Slideshow
The Age of Exploration
THINKING MAN'S TIME (This means you!):
- What was the Age of Exploration?
- What events in the past needed to take place before the Age of Exploration was made possible? The answer is many indeed, right?
- Was the Age of Exploration destined to happen?
MORE THINKING MY MAN (and WOMAN)
- When is conflict excused as means to an end? Meaning how do we understand and justify the exploitation of the Native Americans by the conquistadors, desperadoes, and explorers?
- Discuss the impact of the Renaissance and Reformation on the Age of Exploration – Meaning without these series of events do Europeans travel to the New World? If yes, when and how would that have happened? Explain.
- During the Age of Exploration, European adventures explored the Americas. Some historians say that these men were motivated by God, gold, and glory. What do you think historians meant by this?
- What is the Columbian Exchange?
Age of Exploration Resources:
We will start with the importance of the Protestant Reformation:
- Reformation - Luther's 95 Theses.doc (classwork or used for discussion)
- CRASH COURSE: The Renaissance
- Early Explorers - Spanish Conquistadors Worksheet.xls (homework)
- The Conquistadors PPT Slideshow
- CRASH COURSE: Age of Exploration
- Enchanted Learning: Explorers from 1501-1550: the Early Sixteenth Century
- PHSchool: Early Voyages of Exploration 1492-1609
Da Vinci's Thinking Man
Nobody Expects the Spanish Inquisition
Have you ever heard someone say "Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition"? The line comes from a series of sketches by British comedy troupe Monty Python. In the sketches, one character gets annoyed at another character for asking him question after question. At the height of his frustration, he yells, "Well, I wasn't expecting the Spanish Inquisition!" Suddenly, three Catholic Cardinals burst into the room to comically "torture" the first two characters into admitting their sinful ways.
From the sketches, you can guess that the Spanish Inquisition must've involved torture and the Catholic Church. But why? Who was on the receiving end of that torture? Read more: HowStuffWorks: How the Spanish Inquisition Worked
For many in Europe and the world for that matter, it was a huge surprise that Spain was to lead the path to the New World. Remember, they were just recently conquered by the Moors prior to the expeditions of Columbus, Pizarro, and Cortes.
Spanish Inquisition Resources:
- Nobody Expects the Spanish Inquisition Article WS.doc (classwork)
- The Spanish Inquisition VIDEO
- Monty Python's No One Expects the Spanish Inquisition (I love the Monty Pythons!)
Our Mixed-Up Civilization
After reading pages 9-14 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book answer the Our Mixed-Up Civilization questions in your COMP books:
- Where is the area known as the Fertile Crescent? Why is called the Fertile Crescent?
- The Ancient Fertile Crescent is home to what early civilizations? What major religions came from the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamian Civilizations?
- What accomplishments of the Ancient Greeks and Romans did
the people of Europe want to give "rebirth" to during the time period known as the Renaissance?
- Why did Spain have to find new routes to Asia? [Hint: Who are the Moors?]
- How did the crusades of Islam and Christianity bring people to the New World?
- Columbus and the rest of Europe called them "Indians" and "savages", if that were true how can we explain that America's first constitution and democratic society was written by them? Further understanding: The Iroquois had a Constitution which began:
For Better or Worse!
The Columbian Exchange & Columbus vs. Taino People
The Columbian Exchange & Columbus vs. Taino People
Famed Italian explorer Christopher Columbus is commonly credited with the discovery of the "New World" of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain in 1492. Little could be done to stop the European explorations, expeditions, and colonialism that follows Columbus journey. Let's analyze why that is and what impact it had on the world!
The Columbian Exchange Resources:
Columbus vs. Taino Documents & Resources:
- Should We Celebrate Columbus Day.doc (classwork / homework)
- Columbus vs Taino People - HSA On Trial.doc (Unit Assessment)
- Class Debate Rubric-Columbus vs Taino.xlsx (Unit Assessment-Group Grade)
- Library of Congress: Exploring the Early Americas Columbus and the Taíno
- Core Knowledge: Columbus and the Tainos
- History: Columbus Controversy
- Native American Netroots: Columbus and the Taino
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Isabella I of Spain
- Smithsonian: What Became of the Taino
Columbus vs. Taino DEBATE results:
7A: Christopher Columbus has been found TBD
7B: Christopher Columbus has been found innocent on the charges of Second-Degree murder and Involuntary manslaughter (Fourth-Degree murder).
Notice to the Jury (9 members):
- What are the charges against Christopher Columbus?
- Remember you are "presumed innocent until proven guilty" - U.S. Constitution and The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Innocent or guilty? Discuss each charge individually and remember majority rule!
- What is the penalty?
Degrees of Murder:
Across the Ocean - Pirates or Privateers: What's the Difference?
Read p. 18-20 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and then answer the Across the Ocean - Pirates or Privateers: What's the Difference? questions in your COMP books:
1) If the Spanish were dominating the New World, why does England get involved?
2) Who was the first Englishmen to explore the New World?
3) What is the difference between a pirate and a privateer?
4) What evidence is there that little to nothing was known about the New World?
Hey you, Jack Sparrow! Pirate Resources:
- Ten Facts about Pirates, 10 Famous Pirates
- History Channel: True Caribbean Pirates (Full Documentary)
Which is the real pirate?
What happened to the Roanoke (Lost) Colony?
Roanoke (Lost) Colony Resources:
Who's ready for colonial success, well wait! The story of Jamestown
Almost 20 years after the English first and second attempts ended in disaster they were willing to try again. The Jamestown colony experiment could have ended like the Roanoke (Lost) Colony, in fact it almost did, but luck and hard work intervened.
Read p. 25-36 in your Making Thirteen Colonies mini-book and answer Who's ready for colonial success, well wait! The story of Jamestown questions in your COMP books:
1) Why did the English settle in Jamestown?
2) Why didn't the English fish during the "starving time"?
3) How did Pocahontas save John Smith's life?
4) What is a hostage?
5) What was Pocahontas trip to England like?
6) What ended the peace of the English in Jamestown and the Powhatan tribe?