- Unit Question - Are governments necessary for the protection of people in society?
- Historical Context - Ancient Rome, Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic, and the Roman Empire
- Final Assessment - Roman Dictatorship Speech/Election (created by student generated questions) including debate of Greek Democracy vs. Roman Dictatorship (see Election Center tab) & Roman Emperor Report Card
Read p.364- 369 in your My World History textbook and answer the following The Etruscans - Early Rome questions in your COMP books:
- Where were the Etruscans from? HINT: Try this The Flow of History: The Etruscans & their influence on Rome (c.800-500 BCE)
- According to legend, who were Romulus and Remus?
- Along what river was Rome built?
- How did a good location help Rome grow from a small village to a powerful city?
- What does the legend of Rome's founding tell you about how the Romans felt about their place in the world?
- What is a republic?
- Critical Thinking: Why do you suppose the Romans establish a republic after collapse or conflict with Etruscan Kings?
Rome's Beginning - The Etruscans Resources:
- Ancient Rome - Rise of New Power.doc (classwork/homework)
- The Etruscans Foundation website
- The Etruscans - Legacy of a Lost Civilization Video
- Lost Worlds - Enigma Of The Etruscans Documentary
- The Founding of Rome: Romulus and Remus Animated Video
- The Mythical Founding of Rome: Romulus and Remus (short video)
- See U in History: Founder of Rome - Romulus and Remus (short video)
Rome's Beginning The Etruscans
It all began when the Romans overthrew their Etruscan conquerors in 509 B.C.E. Centered north of Rome, the Etruscans had ruled over the Romans for hundreds of years.Once free, the Romans established a republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf. A republic is quite different from a democracy, in which every citizen is expected to play an active role in governing the state. Read more: Roman Republic
Roman Republic Resources:
- Ancient Rome - Patricians and Plebeians.doc (classwork/homework)
- Rome - Etruscans to Republic to Empire PPT
- Ancient Civilizations: Roman Republic
- The Rise of the Roman Republic Video Lecture
- History of Rome Documentary
- Education Portal: Rise of the Roman Republic (Video & Quiz)
- World History: Roman Republic (Podcast)
- CRASH COURSE: Ancient Rome
The three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome took place over nearly a century, beginning in 264 B.C.E. and ending with the destruction of Carthage in 146 B.C.E. By the time the First Punic War broke out, Rome had become the dominant power throughout the Italian peninsula, while Carthage–a powerful city-state in northern Africa–had established itself as the leading maritime power in the world. The First Punic War broke out in 264 B.C.E. when Rome interfered in a dispute on the Carthaginian-controlled island of Sicily; the war ended with Rome in control of both Sicily and Corsica and marked the empire’s emergence as a naval as well as a land power. In the Second Punic War, the great Carthaginian general Hannibal invaded Italy and scored great victories at Lake Trasimene and Cannae before his eventual defeat at the hands of Rome’s Scipio Africanus in 202 B.C.E. left Rome in control of the western Mediterranean and much of Spain. In the Third Punic War, the Romans, led by Scipio the Younger, captured and destroyed the city of Carthage in 146 B.C.E., turning Africa into yet another province of the mighty Roman Empire. Discover more: History Channel: Punic Wars Introduction & Video
- Describe similarities (at least 2) of the Roman Republic and our U.S. Government? Need help? Try this: Rome vs. U.S.A.
- What is a constitution? Did the Romans write theirs down?
- What were the three branches of Roman government?
- What jobs did a consul do?
- Who was Hannibal Barca and what was his greatest accomplishment?
- How did Rome defeat Hannibal Barca?
- How did Rome's conquest create major problems for the republic?
- Critical Thinking: Do you believe the patricians shared enough power with the plebeians? Explain.
Punic Wars Resources:
- Ancient Rome - Punic Wars.doc (homework)
- History Channel: Punic Wars Introduction & Video
- Educational Portal: Punic Wars (Video & Quiz)
- Rome's Worst Nightmare Hannibal (Full Documentary)
- Biographics: Hannibal Rome's Greatest Enemy (Video)
- History Channel True Story of Hannibal Documentary
- 509 BCE
- Role of the Roman Senate
- Name of wealthy Romans
- Name of average or poor Romans
- Famous Carthaginian General (and his father)
- Twelve Tables
- Reasons for the 1st Punic War
- Basic geography of Ancient Rome & Ancient Carthage
- Battle of Zama
- "Carthago delenda est"
- Cato the Elder
Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire
By the 1st century BC, the times of the Republic are slowly coming to an end. After Sulla and Pompey, another great leader has emerged: Julius Caesar will be your strongest asset to finally defeat the dreaded Gauls north and west of the Alps. The Gallic War will not be simple, but it will be quick. Shortly after, the first triumvirate will come to end, and Caesar named dictator for life. His assassination and yet another civil war will not change the fact that the Republic, as known for nearly five centuries, is now defunct. Julius Caesar (left image).
Rise and Fall Roman Empire Resources:
- World History Encyclopedia: Julius Caesar (Article & Video)
- BBC: Julius Caesar - Master of the Roman World (Documentary)
- See U in History: The Life of Julius Caesar - Rise and Fall of the Roman Colosseum (Video)
- Student Handouts: Roman Empire PPTs
- BrainPop: Roman Empire
- CRASH COURSE: Fall of The Roman Empire
- History Channel: How Rome Forged an Empire (Documentary)
- Mankind: Fall of the Roman Empire Episode 3 (Documentary)
- Rome Power & Glory: Fall of the Roman Empire (Documentary)
- How did most wealthy or the Patricians of Rome earn their money?
- What are some tasks that slaves worked at?
- What did the Romans do to keep their gods happy?
- Who was Spartacus? How does Spartacus' story end? What threat did the legend of Spartacus represent to the leaders of Rome?
- Were gladiators usually slaves or free citizens?
- What were two popular types of Roman entertainments?
- What do you notice from this famous painting (picture) on page 399 or just to your right?
- History Lesson: Roman Entertainment
- Ancient Rome - Spartacus.doc (classwork / homework)
- BBC: Legend of Spartacus
- Ted Ed: Life of Spartacus (Video)
- The Real Spartacus (Documentary)
- 5 Toughest & Most Feared Gladiators (Video)
- 10 Surprising Facts - Roman Gladiators (Video)
- True Story of Roman Gladiators (Documentary)
The Rise of Christianity
- What about Jesus, his followers, and his message made him so unpopular with the leaders of Jerusalem and Rome? HINT: What about his message made him so popular?
- Who were Peter and Paul and what was their major accomplishment?
- Why did the Roman emperors persecute Christians?
- How do you think the unity of the Roman Empire helped Christianity to become the empire's main religion?
- How did the Western Roman empire finally end?
- Critical Thinking: How did many Christian teachings grow out of the Jewish traditions? HINT: What two faiths make up the Judeo-Christian tradition?